What is Cannabis?

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What is Cannabis?

Cannabis is an herb, original from Central Asia, that has been used by humans for approximately 10,000 years for industrial, medicinal and recreational purposes. Although the classification of cannabis in the tree of life has been revised multiple times, currently, all the varieties of cannabis are considered one species, Cannabis sativa L. Historically, multiple subspecies and varieties have been described in Asia and Europe, including Cannabis sativa subspecies sativa, C. s. subsp. indica, C. s. subsp. ruderalis, C. s. subsp. indica variety afghanica, etc., which could be distinguished from each other based on their growing habits, leaf and flower shapes and colors, and the concentration of intoxicating and non-intoxicant chemicals present in their flowers and young leaves. However, agricultural production and breeding have created numerous hybrid varieties that display mixed characteristics, such that the physical appearance of a cannabis plant does not strictly reflect the chemical profiles of its flowers and leaves. In the US the varieties that have been bred for production of fiber, grain and oilseed are known as industrial hemp, or just hemp; while the cannabis plants bred for chemical production can be legally defined as hemp or as marijuana, based on their content of delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (delta-9 THC), an intoxicating chemical. Cannabis plants with less than 0.3% delta-9 THC of their dry weight are classified as hemp, while plants or their derivates that contain more than 0.3% delta-9 THC of their dry weight are classified as marijuana. Stems and older leaves of cannabis plants have residual amounts of cannabinoids; however, the roots and hulled seeds have no detectable amounts of cannabinoids.

What is hemp?

What are the uses of hemp?

What are cannabinoids?

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